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State and Territorial Exchange of Vital Events

model Collaborative Organizational Development
service type Public Health
country United States
states AK, AL, AR, AZ, CA, CO, CT, DE, FL, GA, HI, IA, ID, IL, IN, KS, KY, LA, MA, MD, ME, MI, MN, MO, MS, MT, NC, ND, NE, NH, NJ, NM, NV, NY, OH, OK, OR, PA, RI, SC, SD, TN, TX, UT, VA, VT, WA, WI, WV, WY, DC, VI, PR
government type state
license unknown
another website


State and Territorial Exchange of Vital Events (STEVE) is a data-exchange system to allow states to exchange vital records (births and deaths) and to send statistical data to the National Center for Health Statistics. It’s a product of the National Association of Public Health Statistics and Information Systems (NAPHSIS), which was formed in 1933. Fifty states, New York City, Washington D.C., and two territories participate in STEVE (Guam and American Samoa lack electronic birth and death registration). STEVE is funded by member fees, which are set at a cost-recoverable level.

Historically, these records were synced manually — big boxes full of paper records, sent between states annually. STEVE was established to digitize this. Each state has different rules about when records become public and with whom they can be shared in the interim, which results in complicated permissions accompanying each record.

STEVE is built and maintained by a vendor, rather than by NAPHSIS employees.

This is the system that feeds the Social Security Administration’s Death Master File. Death records are particularly important for benefits programs, to ensure that no beneifts are going to people who are deceased, or fraudulently claimed in the name of somebody who is deceased. Birth records are likewise an important part of verifying somebody’s identity.

See also: EEVE.